The casual dining chain Houlihan’s filed for bankruptcy protection on Thursday, unable to overcome limited liquidity and high rents despite recent above-average growth, and plans to sell itself to rival Landry’s in a court-supervised auction.
Houlihan’s said it owns or franchises 69 restaurants including its namesake Houlihan’s Restaurant + Bar, Bristol Seafood Grill, and J. Gilbert’s Wood-Fired Steak + Seafood , mainly in Midwest and mid-Atlantic states. The chain has a Houlihan’s in Creve Coeur, a J. Gilbert’s at West County Center in Des Peres, and two Bristol Seafood Grill locations — one in Creve Coeur and another in O'Fallon, Missouri. A Houlihan’s in Brentwood, owned by Bestar LLC, recently closed, KMOV reported.
The Leawood, Kansas-based company employs about 3,450 people, and its restaurants are expected to stay open during the bankruptcy restructuring.
Independently-owned franchised restaurants are not part of the Chapter 11 case, which Houlihan’s filed with the U.S. bankruptcy court in Wilmington, Delaware.
Other dining chains filing for bankruptcy in the last two years have included Kona Grill, Perkins & Marie Callender’s and the parents of Bertucci’s, Chevys Fresh Mex and El Torito.
Many chains have struggled to fill enough seats to offset their financial obligations, because of heavy competition and customers’ desire for newer, fresher food options.
In a court filing, Chief Restructuring Officer Matthew Manning said Houlihan’s has not paid interest or debt service to its lenders since December, and has been challenged by “unsustainably high occupancy costs” at many locations.
He said such factors made a court-supervised sale Houlihan’s best option, though its company-owned restaurants have enjoyed same-store sales and traffic growth above the industry average over the last year.
The first Houlihan’s opened in 1972.
Landry’s will serve as a “stalking-horse bidder” to buy substantially all of Houlihan’s assets subject to better offers.
The Houston-based company, whose chief executive is billionaire Tilman Fertitta, operates more than 600 restaurants under several dozen brands including Landry’s Seafood, Bubba Gump Shrimp Co, Claim Jumper, McCormick & Schmick’s, Morton’s The Steakhouse and Rainforest Cafe.
Landry’s did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The case is In re HRI Holding Corp. et. al., U.S. Bankruptcy Court, District of Delaware, No. 19-12415.