Is your preschooler refusing to eat anything other than chicken nuggets? Or would your toddler rather play than eat anything at all?
If picky eating is a sore topic in your household, you’re not alone. Many parents worry about what their children eat — and don’t eat. If you’re concerned about your child’s growth and development, consult your child’s doctor.
In addition, consider recording the types and amounts of food your child eats for three days. The big picture might help ease your worries — most kids get plenty of variety and nutrition in their diets over the course of a week. A food log can also help your child’s doctor determine any problems.
In the meantime, remember that your child’s eating habits likely won’t change overnight, but the small steps you take each day can help promote a lifetime of healthy eating.
Until your child’s food preferences mature, consider these 10 tips for preventing mealtime battles.
Respect your child's appetite — or lack of one
If your child isn’t hungry, don’t force a meal or snack. Likewise, don’t bribe or force your child to eat certain foods or clean their plate. This might only ignite — or reinforce — a power struggle over food. Your child may come to associate mealtime with anxiety and frustration or become less sensitive to their own hunger and fullness cues.
Serve small portions to avoid overwhelming your child and give them the opportunity to independently ask for more.
Stick to the routine
Serve meals and snacks at about the same times every day. If you child chooses not to eat a meal, a regular snack time will offer an opportunity to eat nutritious food. You can provide milk or 100% juice with the food, but offer water between meals and snacks. Allowing your child to fill up on juice, milk or snacks throughout the day might decrease an appetite for meals.
Be patient with new foods
Young children often touch or smell new foods, and might even put tiny bits in their mouths and then take them back out again. Your child might need repeated exposure to a new food before he or she takes the first bite.
Encourage your child by talking about a food’s color, shape, aroma and texture — not whether it tastes good. Serve new foods along with your child’s favorite foods. Keep serving your child healthy choices until they become familiar and preferred.
Don't be a short-order cook
Preparing a separate meal for your child after they reject the original meal might promote picky eating. Encourage your child to stay at the table for the designated mealtime — even if they don’t eat.
Set a good example
If you eat a variety of healthy foods, your child is more likely to follow suit.
Add chopped broccoli or green peppers to spaghetti sauce, top cereal with fruit slices, or mix grated zucchini and carrots into casseroles and soups.
Make it fun
Serve broccoli and other veggies with a favorite dip or sauce. Cut foods into various shapes with cookie cutters. Offer breakfast foods for dinner. Serve a variety of brightly colored foods.
Turn off the television and other electronic gadgets during meals. This will help your child focus on eating. Keep in mind that television advertising might also encourage your child to desire sugary or less nutritious foods.
Don't offer dessert as a reward
Withholding dessert sends the message that dessert is the best food, which might only increase your child’s desire for sweets. You might select one or two nights a week as dessert nights, and skip dessert the rest of the week — or redefine dessert as fruit, yogurt or other healthy choices.
Recruit your child’s help
At the grocery store, ask your child to help you select fruits, vegetables and other healthy foods. Don’t buy anything that you don’t want your child to eat. At home, encourage your child to help you rinse veggies, stir batter or set the table.