FILE PHOTO, (date unknown) - J. Bruce Ismay (facing camera, with mustache), one of the TITANIC survivors, testifies at the U.S. Senate inquiry into the catastrophe. It was Ismay, as managing director of the White Star Line (which operated the Titanic), who ordered the Titanic's speed ranges during the various stages of the ill-fated maiden voyage. It was Ismay who knew about the iceberg warnings but made no suggestion to Captain Smith for slowing the vessel down, even though he had issued plenty of other orders during the trip. And, according to witnesses, it was Ismay who climbed into a lifeboat when women and children still were aboard the sinking Titanic. After his rescue, Ismay was bitterly criticized by press and public although the official inquiries made on both sides of the Atlantic made no specific charges against him. Embittered, ashamed and emotionally ruined, Ismay became a recluse and died in 1937.