Aluminum Ore Co., a major industry and employer in East St. Louis. The sprawling works were located at Missouri and 32nd avenues. In April 1917, management broke a strike by hiring replacement workers, including blacks lured from the South for jobs there. Embittered union leaders and members called upon city leaders to "get rid of the migrants." Tensions led to rioting on July 2, 1917, when white mobs killed many blacks and burned black homes and businesses. Image courtesy Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Bowen Archives
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